Journalism #Diploma 

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  • Precedent/Case law
  • Common Law
  • European Convention On Human Rights
  • European Law Vs Criminal Law – Can A Case Involve Both

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CIVIL LAW – A case between 2 parties,

CRIMINAL LAW – a system of law concerned with the punishment of offenders.

LAW TERMINOLOGY

  • Charge – A criminal charge is a formal accusation made by a governmental authority asserting that somebody has committed a crime. A charging document, which contains one or more criminal charges or counts, can take several forms, including: complaint. information. indictment.
  • Prosecute –
    institute or conduct legal proceedings against (a person or organization).
    “they were prosecuted for obstructing the highway”
  • Claiment –
     noun: claimant; plural noun: claimants
    1. a person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit
  • Defendant –
    an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.
    “the defendant tried to claim that it was self-defence”
  • Solicitor – A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.
  • Barrister –
    a person called to the bar and entitled to practise as an advocate, particularly in the higher courts.
  •  Counsel – Collective name for a group of barristers
advice, especially that given formally.
“with wise counsel a couple can buy a home that will be appreciating in value”
  • Damages – In law, damages are an award, typically of money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury
  • Claim Form – Starts a civil case or writ
  • Tort – The wrong suffered, medical negligence, breach of contract, trespass
  • injunction – Court order compelling the other party to do so or to stop them doing something.
  • Settlement – What they must do/pay
  • Found or held liable & admitted liability – Civil case ordered to pay damages

MAGISTRATES & CROWN COURT

  • Most criminal cases go to Magistrates court
  • more serious cases go to Crown court
  • Criminal cases – High Court appeal
  • Most Juveniles go to youth court, exceptions include various cases or when there is an adult co-acused
  • Most Civil cases go to County Court

CIVIL CASES

  • Most Civil cases go to County Court eg debt recovery, breach of contract, negligence, bankruptcy.
  • More serious/complex cases and defamation cases go to court.
  • In some cases there is a trial by jury in civil court if it involves allegation of fraud/defamation – for reasons of judge being removed.

HOMEWORK READ THE LAW BOOK MCNAES

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