- Precedent/Case law
- Common Law
- European Convention On Human Rights
- European Law Vs Criminal Law – Can A Case Involve Both
CIVIL LAW – A case between 2 parties,
CRIMINAL LAW – a system of law concerned with the punishment of offenders.
- Charge – A criminal charge is a formal accusation made by a governmental authority asserting that somebody has committed a crime. A charging document, which contains one or more criminal charges or counts, can take several forms, including: complaint. information. indictment.
- Prosecute –
institute or conduct legal proceedings against (a person or organization).“they were prosecuted for obstructing the highway”
- Claiment –
noun: claimant; plural noun: claimants
a person making a claim, especially in a lawsuit or for a state benefit
- Defendant –
an individual, company, or institution sued or accused in a court of law.“the defendant tried to claim that it was self-defence”
- Solicitor – A solicitor is a legal practitioner who traditionally deals with most of the legal matters in some jurisdictions.
- Barrister –
a person called to the bar and entitled to practise as an advocate, particularly in the higher courts.
- Counsel – Collective name for a group of barristers
- Damages – In law, damages are an award, typically of money, to be paid to a person as compensation for loss or injury
- Claim Form – Starts a civil case or writ
- Tort – The wrong suffered, medical negligence, breach of contract, trespass
- injunction – Court order compelling the other party to do so or to stop them doing something.
- Settlement – What they must do/pay
- Found or held liable & admitted liability – Civil case ordered to pay damages
MAGISTRATES & CROWN COURT
- Most criminal cases go to Magistrates court
- more serious cases go to Crown court
- Criminal cases – High Court appeal
- Most Juveniles go to youth court, exceptions include various cases or when there is an adult co-acused
- Most Civil cases go to County Court
- Most Civil cases go to County Court eg debt recovery, breach of contract, negligence, bankruptcy.
- More serious/complex cases and defamation cases go to court.
- In some cases there is a trial by jury in civil court if it involves allegation of fraud/defamation – for reasons of judge being removed.
HOMEWORK READ THE LAW BOOK MCNAES